Guests of Caesar and co.

The accolade came from UNESCO: the Lower Rhine is now a world heritage site too. The UNESCO committee inscribed the Lower Germanic Limes on its list of world heritage sites and thus helped turn the cultural landscape of the Lower Rhine into another highlight.

But what exactly are the Lower Germanic Limes? The limes formed the border of the Roman Empire 2,000 years ago. The Rhine separated Romans and Teutons. The Romans secured their military district from the Germanic settlement areas on the right riverbank. They used the Rhine as a ‘wet border’; no other border fortifications were necessary.

Along the left side of the River Rhine, the Romans erected a military camp and forts as well as some watchtowers. They were linked by Limesstraße (Limes Road). Incidentally, you can still follow large parts of their course: 9 Bundesstraße was virtually built on the trail of the Romans.

The new world heritage site consists of 44 sections in total. They stretch from Remagen to Katwijk in the Netherlands. Witnesses of this era are the Burginatium auxiliary fort near Kalkar, a Roman camp in Kleve-Keeken, a legionary camp in Till near Bedburg-Hau and a limes road that is still easily discernible in the Reichswald between Cleves and Kranenburg.

The most significant Roman towns along the Lower Rhine, however, were Colonia Ulpia Traiana, present-day Xanten, which was the third-largest Roman town north of the Alps after Cologne and Trier with around 20,000 inhabitants, and Novaesium, present-day Neuss. Mostly soldiers were stationed there in several military camps. But civilians also settled there and laid the foundation of present-day Neuss near the mouth of the River Erft.

Those interested in culture can also learn a lot about the Roman past in Krefeld. The cemeteries in Gelduba provide deep insights into life 2,000 years ago. Parts of this treasure trove, such as Prince Arpvar’s golden helmet, can be seen in Castle Linn Museum in Krefeld.

Today, however, you can get the most powerful insight into Roman life around 2,000 years ago in Xanten. With painstaking work, archaeologists deduced from the traces that the Romans left behind in the sand how people once worked and conducted trade, worshipped their gods, used their superb bathing temples and amused themselves at gladiatorial fights. A walking tour of the museum complex leads through the colossal amphitheatre, over parts of the city wall and to the thermal baths and harbour temple with its enormous columns.

And you can eat Roman style: Numidian chicken or Lucanian sausage, perhaps. Just as Caesar and co. liked it.

Discover other historical places on the Lower Rhine

Museum Kloster Kamp


Kloster Kamp – Taucht ein in die barocke Klosterwelt

Skulptur “Mannfrau – Fraumann”


Fünf Skulpturensteine des Künstlers Anatol Herzfeld sind seit 2002 entlang der Erft zwischen Mündung in den Rhein und Museum Insel Hombroich zu finden.

Historische Altstadt Kempen


Wer Kempen und insbesondere die schöne Altstadt zum ersten Mal besucht, der wird schnell begeistert sein von dem einmaligen Flair. Hier finden Sie umgeben von einem historischen Ambiente viele individuelle, inhabergeführte Geschäfte, besondere Kunsthandwerksbetriebe und eine ansprechende und abwechslungsreiche Gastronomie. Abgerundet wird das Angebot durch die Kurkölnische Landesburg aus dem 14. Jahrhundert und unsere historischen […]

Gerichtslinde Götterswickerhamm

District of Wesel

Die 1327 das erste mal urkundlich erwähnte Gerichtslinde war Tagungsort des Schöffengerichtes Götterswickerhamm.

Haus Ingenraedt Wankum


Haus Ingenraedt ist ein Wasserschloss und gehört zu den ältesten Häusern am Niederrhein.

Ehemaliger Rittersitz Haus Horst


Teile des heutigen Gebäudes wurden im 13. JH von den Grafen von Kleve an der Via Romana, unmittelbar vor den Toren Kalkars, auf römischen Mauern als Rittersitz erbaut und “Auf der Horst” genannt.
Das Café Haus Horst ist derzeit geschlossen!

Gedenkstein Alt-Büderich


An der Weseler Straße, wenige hundert Meter hinter der Rheinbrücke, steht der Gedenkstein für die alte Stadt Büderich.

„Schwarzer Adler“


Punkt 2 auf dem Rundgang durch den historischen Ortskern.

Skulptur “Der Sonnenfänger”


Fünf Skulpturensteine des Künstlers Anatol Herzfeld sind seit 2002 entlang der Erft zwischen Mündung in den Rhein und Museum Insel Hombroich zu finden.

Other topics

An adventure journey into past worlds

Hidden treasures, surprising insights, unexpected discoveries.

Fresh from the region onto the table

Regional and seasonal: those are the most important points for sustainable products from the homeland.

Country outing: magical moments with art and nature

The Lower Rhine offers the perfect destinations for little cultural trips.

Culinary world tour along the Lower Rhine

Joie de vivre through upmarket dining culture

Garden design in the Lower Rhine

Parks as green lungs

The white gold of the Lower Rhine

People go crazy for this noble vegetable in spring.

Magical places: Gallows Hill, crypts and co.

Magical places let you pause for a moment; they elicit a special vibe and put people in a reverent mood.

The good taste of the Lower Rhine

Simply good for the palate.

Palaces to fall in love with

Haunting ghosts, traces of the nobility, old defensive walls

Summer feeling with wicked beats

This is colourful variety on the Lower Rhine: as colourful as it is musical.